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About _

Malcolm (Mac) L. MacIntyre, was born in Edinburgh in 1905. At the age of 5 he moved with his family to Manchester and then to Harrow when his father – a consulting engineer and President of the Royal Astronomical Association – opened offices in London. After his schooling, Mac worked as a surveyor on the Mersey Tunnel and subsequently with W.M. Law, a firm of chartered surveyors in Liverpool. He eventually rose to become a senior partner with the firm.


Mac’s hobbies included trout and salmon fishing, music and Begonias. He explained with his characteristic dry humour that his interest in Begonias grew out of his interest in fishing. An advertisement for the sale of the ‘Trout Begonia’ (Begonia argenteo-guttata) led him to become ‘hooked’ on the whole genus. From the early 1970's until his death he was a regular visitor of the Glasgow Botanic Gardens, a member of the National Begonia Society and the American Begonia Society and contributed regularly to the journal “The Begonian.” Many of his hybrids are well-known in the USA and can be seen in the Glasgow Botanic Gardens.


Following Mr. M.L. MacIntyre’s death in 1983, his widow Constance arranged with the Curator of the Glasgow Botanic Gardens to establish a trust in his memory for the study of the genus Begonia and for the promotion of the National Collection of Begonias established at the Gardens. The M.L. MacIntyre Begonia Trust was established in 1985 with Trustees including representatives of the Glasgow Botanic Gardens, the University of Glasgow, Glasgow City Council. On Mrs. MacIntyre’s death in 1989 her legacy was used to set up a second trust, administered by the same trustees, with the specific purpose of providing for a research scholarship. The two trusts were amalgamated into the present M.L. MacIntyre Begonia Trust in 2008.

The Trust has funded numerous projects including research in association with leading universities, the collection and documentation of begonias internationally, and support for local educational events. The complete list of Begonias held at the Glasgow Botanic Gardens can be viewed here.

The Trust has a rich tradition of providing funding in support of research into the genus of begonias. The Trust is proud to have supported published work in conjunction with individual projects and post-graduate research.


A selection of this material published in the last four years is presented here. You can also download a full listing.


CAMFIELD, R. (2009). A revision of Begonia in Northeast India. M.Sc. University of Edinburgh/RBGE.


GOODALL-COPESTAKE, W.P., HARRIS, D.J., HOLLINGSWORTH, P.M. (2009) The origin of a mega-diverse genus: dating Begonia (Begoniaceae) using alternative datasets, calibrations and relaxed clock methods. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 159: 363-380.


HUGHES, M., Girmansyah, D., Ardi, W.H. & Nurainas. (2009). Seven new species of Begonia from Sumatra. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 61: 29-44.


HUGHES, M., Coyle, C. (2009). Begonia section Petermannia (Begoniaceae) on Palawan (Philippines), including two new species. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 66: 205-211.


HUGHES, M., Deden, G., Wisnu, H.A, Nurainas. (2009). Seven new species of Begonia from Sumatra. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore, 61: 29-44.


HUGHES, M., Coyle, C., Rubite, R.R. (2010). A revision of Begonia section Diploclinium (Begoniaceae) on the Philippine Island of Palawan, including five new species. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 67: 123-140.


HUGHES, M., THOMAS, D.C. (2010). Las diversité des bégonias en Asie du Sud-Est. Quatre-temps. La revue des amis du jardin botanique de Montréal, 34: 25-27.


THOMAS, D.C., Hughes, M., Phutthai, T., Ardi, W.H., Rajbhandary, S., Rubite, R., Twyford, A.D. & J.E. Richardson (2012). West to east dispersal and subsequent rapid diversification of the mega-diverse genus Begonia (Begoniaceae) in the Malesian archipelago. Journal of Biogeography 39.1: 98-113.


THOMAS, D.C., Hughes, M., Phutthai, T., Rajbhandary, S., Rubite, R., Ardi, W.H. & J.E. Richardson (2011). A non-coding plastid DNA phylogeny of Asian Begonia: Evidence for morphological homoplasy and sectional polyphyly. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 428-444.


THOMAS, D.C., Ardi, W.H. & M. Hughes (2011). Nine new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from South and West Sulawesi, Indonesia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 68.2: 225–255.


THOMAS, D.C., Ardi, W.H., & HUGHES, M. (2009). Two new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 66: 103-114.


THOMAS, D.C., Ardi, W.H., Hartutiningsih, & HUGHES, M. (2009) Two new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 66: 229-238.


THOMAS, D.C., Ardi, W.H., Hartutiningsih, HUGHES, M. (2009). Two new species of Begonia (Begoniaceae) from south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, 66: 229-238.


TWYFORD, A., KIDNER, C. (2009). The evolution of Begonia section Gireoudia research in Edinburgh. Begonian, 76: 213-214.

The Trust receives many enquiries relating to its funding schemes. It is recommended that prospective applicants consult the answers to these common questions first.


General Questions


Does the Trust fund work in support of garden or flower shows or other gardening and community-related activities?


No. The Trust provides support of this kind only through its commitments to the Glasgow Botanic Gardens and the National Begonia Collection it maintains.


Will the Trust consider applications from individuals and institutions outside Glasgow?


Yes. Applications may be considered from outside Glasgow. However, the Trust expects any funds granted to have a significant and measurable benefit to Scotland and especially to Glasgow and its environs.


Will the Trust accept applications to support artistic, musical, sociological or related work?


The Trust funds only scientific studies and scholarship that bears directly on education and knowledge of Begonias and their allies.


Will the Trust accept applications from individuals for botanical expeditions?


Yes, but normally the Trust expects the individuals to be affiliated with a recognised academic or scientific research institution and to undertake such work on its behalf.


Can I apply for funding even if there are no current calls?


The Trust will occasionally consider applications for small grants that are not in response to a call. Begonia Trust Studentship applications will be accepted only with reference to a specific call.


How soon will I know if my application will be funded?


The Trust usually acknowledges applications within 1-2 weeks. If accepted, applications for funding will be reviewed by the Trustees, often after external assessment. This process can take 2-3 months. Therefore it is recommended that applications are submitted well in advance.


Will the Trust pay for expenses previously incurred?


Under no circumstances will the Trust consider applications for funding to cover costs incurred prior to an award.



Studentship Questions


Can I apply if I come from outside Glasgow and Scotland?


Yes, but you must undertake your research under the supervision of a member of academic staff at the University of Glasgow and register as a postgraduate research student at the University.


Will the Trust consider my application if I have a lower second class degree?


Yes, but only provided that you have also completed (or are shortly to complete) a Masters’ degree course in good standing.


Must I expect to begin the Scholarship at the beginning of the next academic year (normally in September/October)?


The Trustees will consider delaying the start of a Studentship award, provided the case for the delay is put to the Trust in advance. However, the Trust will not consider delays of more than six months.


Is it possible to take a break during my period of study?


Normally the Trust expects a student to enroll full time for a period of three years. However, the Trustees will consider a request for a period of leave under special circumstances, provided the case is put to the Trust in advance.